New Jersey Suffering from THIS Mysterious and New Tick Species!
The citizens of New Jersey may have survived the harsh winter this year, but instead of sighing in relief, most of them dread the coming of Summer in fear of getting infected with this mysterious tick species.
The Unknown Tick Species
Last August 1, 2017, a farmer brought his pet Hannah, a 12-year old Icelandic sheep as they went to the Hunterdon County Health Office to have a medical consultation. The investigators were in shock when they found thousands of ticks all over Hannah’s body. They even said it soon crawled on their pants as soon as the sheep stepped foot inside. She’s been carrying hundreds of ticks in all three stages namely: larva, nymph, and adult.
Even if the ticks were mainly concentrated on her face and ears, they still managed to get beneath her thick coat. They also recovered questing ticks in the field which were already in the larvae stage.
What’s more disturbing was the fact that these ticks didn’t even need mating to multiply! Another mysterious case they had to solve was the fact that Hannah wasn’t even transported internationally and even outside of Hunterdon County last year, so they didn’t have any clues as to where to find the origin of the said tick’s invasion.
The Asian Tick
Aside from the horrible ticks all around her, the veterinarians found it disturbing that the tick species they obtained weren’t typically found in the United States. In fact, it didn’t even qualify with New Jersey’s top 5 tick species found in the state namely:
- Amblyomma americanum
- Dermacentor Variabilis
- Ixodes Cookei
- Ixodes scapularis.
- and Rhipicephalus sanguineus
Instead, the scientists identified the tick species as Haemaphysalis longicornis, also known as East Asian or Longhorned Tick. True to its name, this tick is normally found in East Asia (China, Korea, Japan, and Russia), some parts in New Zealand, Australia, along with Pacific Islands such as Fiji, New Caledonia, Western Samoa, Tonga, and Vanuatu.
This tick is responsible for spreading a virus in China known as severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (STFS). The victims suffer from high fever and low platelet count to the point where you start bleeding. Aside from that, it develops gastrointestinal symptoms, lower down your white blood cells to weaken your immune system and elevate your liver enzymes. Around 30% of China’s population infected with STFS died due to multiple organ failures.
Meanwhile, in Japan, the East Asian or Longhorned thick also spread Rickettsia japonica virus, which also causes Japanese sheeps fever and theileriosis. It also carries other microbes like Anaplasma, Borrelia spp, and Ehrlichia too. This tick is dangerous since it attaches to a mammal’s skin (animal or human) and inserts its feeding tube to suck your blood for days. What’s worse, you won’t even notice you’re already infected since it uses its saliva to numb the infected area. While the tick feeds, it also deposits various microbes (as stated above) to the host’ body.
The First Breeding Tick in NJ
Since last year, the NJ health officials have tried eliminating and controlling the spread of ticks by washing Hannah with chemicals, spraying the infected field, and cutting tall grasses around the area. However, they still aren’t sure if their efforts are enough to get rid of ticks. In fact, they hoped that the ticks died down during the Winter season this year.
However, the New Jersey Department of Agriculture just announced last Friday that despite the harsh cold breeze and ice frost last Winter, they still monitor the presence of this new tick species. Although no reports of a human being infected with ticks were reported yet, it’s only a matter of time before someone will if this continues. The New Jerseyans may have to face a tough Summer 2018 this time.
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