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Loan Defaults: Types, Functionalities & Getting Out of One

Taking a loan could be a smart decision if done right. It could help you reach your dreams faster, purchase that much-needed asset, pay medical bills, tuition, and so on. However, sometimes, unforeseen events happen–you lose your job, your business goes under, and unexpected expenses pop up. Before you know it, you are struggling to keep up with your loan payments.

This is where loan defaults come in. When you are unable to service your loan, you fall back on your payment schedule. In this article, we will look at different types of loan defaults, their functionalities, and how to get out of them.

Mikhail / Pexels | If you are a little insensitive with your money, you will end up defaulting on your loans.

Types of Loan Default

There are two types of loan default: technical default and payment default. Technical default occurs when you breach the terms and conditions of your loan agreement, such as not maintaining a particular credit score or collateral.

Payment default, on the other hand, takes place when you fail to pay your installments on time. Taking a technical default may often lead to payment default.

Functionalities of Defaulting on a Loan

Defaulting on a loan can negatively impact your finances, as it comes with severe financial consequences. It affects your credit score, which could impact your loan eligibility in the future. Your lender could report your payment default, leading to a bad credit history.

Defaulting may lead to increased interest rates on your loan, late payment fees, litigation, and harassment by debt collectors. Even foreclosure of your collateral.

Karolina / Pexels | With defaulting on loans come a lot of setbacks.

Getting Out of Loan Default

Getting out of loan default should be your priority when you notice that it is impacting your finances negatively. Below, we will explore how to get out of loan defaults.

Understand the Terms & Conditions of Your Payment Plan

Go through your loan agreement and understand your payment plan. You can contact your lender to ask about possible restructures and repayment options.

Negotiate With Your Lender

Get in touch with your lender and propose a repayment plan that suits your financial situation. Ask for a review of your interest rate and a possible freeze on your late-payment penalties.

Increase Your Income

Increasing your income is one of the easiest ways to pay your loans faster. Look for a part-time job or sell some of your assets to boost your income.

Mikhail / Pexels | To come out of your loan default, make sure to negotiate with your lender.


Seek Free Financial Counseling

There are several free financial counseling services that can provide you with debt management plans and advice on getting out of debt.

File for Bankruptcy

If all other options fail, you can consider filing for bankruptcy. Bankruptcy can help you rebuild your finances and discharge your unsecured debts.

Parting Thoughts

Loan default could put you in financial distress if not adequately managed. Understanding the types, functionalities, and how to get out of it is essential. Always communicate with your lender and seek professional advice before taking any drastic steps.

Remember, getting out of a loan default may take some time and sacrifices – but is worth it in the long run.

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